Abu N. M. Wahid, Tennessee State University
Rohitha Goonatilake, Texas A&M International University
Olatundun J. Adelegan, The International Monetary Fund
Evangelos Giouvris, Royal Holloway University of London
Yi-Hsien Wang, Yuanpei University
Sung Bae, Bowling Green State University
I-Doun Kuo, Tunghai University
Jean Dermine, INSEAD Center for International Financial Services
Nelson Perera, University of Wollongong
Munther Nushiwat, Marymount Manhattan College
Matthew C. Chang, Hsuan Chuang University
Hermann Sintim-Aboagye, Montclair State University
Nejib Hachicha, University of Sfax-Tunisia
Elena Kalotychou, City University
Rafael Romero-Meza, Universidad Adolfo Ibañez in Santiago
Simeon Papadopoulos, University of Macedonia
Konstantinos Tolikas, Cardiff Business School
Roman Matousek, London Metropolitan University
Konstantinos Tolikas, Cardiff Business School
Athanasios Koulakiotis, University of Aegean
Emilios C. Galariotis, Audencia Nantes School of Management
Sotiris K. Staikouras, City University
Dar-Hsin Chen, National Taipei University
Nissim Ben-David, Haifa University and Western Galilee College
Hai-Chin Yu, Chung Yuan University & Rutgers University
Eric Bentzen, Copenhagen Business School
Franco Parisi, Universidad de Chile Business School
Peter Chung, University of California, Riverside
Khan Md. Azizur Rahman, Khulna University
Yu Hsing, Southeastern Louisiana University
Christos A. Alexakis, University of Piraeus
Arkadiusz Babczuk, Wroc³aw University of Economics
Cesario Mateus, University of Greenwich
Dimitris Balios, University of Piraeus
Publication Ethics and Publication
Duties of Editors
of the journal must treat received manuscripts for review as
confidential documents. Editors and any editorial staff must not
disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other
than the corresponding author, reviewers, other editorial advisers, and
of the journal must evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content
and their contribution to specific disciplines, without regard to
gender, race, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin,
citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
Conflicts of Interest— Editors
of the journal and any editorial staff must not use materials disclosed
in a submitted manuscript (published or unpublished) for their own
research without the author’s written authorization.
Integrity of Blind
of the journal should ensure the integrity of the blind review process.
As such, editors should not reveal either the identity of authors of
manuscripts to the reviewers, or the identity of reviewers to authors.
of the journal are responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts
submitted to the journal should be reviewed or published. However,
editors may consult other editors or reviewers in making such decisions.
involvement in investigations—Editors
of the journal should conduct a proper and fair investigation when an
ethical complaint (concerning a submitted or published manuscript) is
reported. Such process may include contacting the author(s) of the
manuscript and the institution, giving due process of the respective
complaint. If the complaint has merits, a proper action should be taken
(publication correction, retraction, etc.). Besides, every reported
action of unethical publishing behavior should be investigated even if
it is discovered years after publication.
Duties of Reviewers
must consider all received manuscripts for review as confidential
documents. Received manuscripts must not be seen by or discussed with
others, except as authorized by the journal editors or authorized
should conduct their reviews objectively. Criticism of the author’s
personality or the topic is unprofessional and inappropriate. Reviewers
should explain their recommendations clearly and explicitly and provide
rational support and justification. Editors Recommendations could be one
of the following:
• Accept the
publication of the manuscript after compliance with the reviewers’
• Consider the
publication of the manuscript after minor changes recommended by its
• Consider the
publication of the manuscript after major changes recommended by its
• Reject the
publication of the manuscript based on the reviewers’ recommendations
are requested to complete their reviews within a timeframe of 30 days.
Reviewers also are free to decline reviews at their discretion. For
instance, if the current work load and/or other commitments make it
impossible for reviewers to complete fair reviews in a short timeframe
(e.g., few days for fast-track review), reviewers should refuse such
invitations for review and promptly inform the editor of the journal.
who believe that they are not qualified to review a received manuscript
should inform the journal editors promptly and decline the review
or ideas obtained through blind reviews must be kept confidential and
must not be used by reviewers for personal benefits.
should refuse the review of manuscripts in which they have conflicts of
interest emerging from competitive, collaborative, or other
relationships and connections with any of the authors, companies, or
institutions connected to the manuscripts.
should inform editors about significant resemblances or overlap between
received manuscripts and any other published manuscripts that reviewers
are aware of.
Proper and Accurate
should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the
authors. Statements that include observation, derivation, or argument
(currently or previously reported) should be accompanied by a relevant
and accurate citation.
assist editors in making editorial publication decisions, and also
assist authors in improving their submitted manuscripts, through the
editorial communications with authors. Therefore, reviewers should
always provide explicit and constructive feedback to assist authors in
improving their work.
Duties of Authors
submitting manuscript to the journal should ensure that this submission
is original work and is neither currently under consideration for
publication elsewhere, nor has been published as a copyrighted material
before. If authors have used the ideas, and/or words of others
researchers, they should acknowledge that through proper quotes or
appears into various types, such as claiming the authorship of work by
others, copying and paraphrasing major parts of others research (without
attribution), and using the results of research conducted by other
researchers. However, any type of plagiarism is unacceptable and is
considered unethical publishing behavior. Such manuscripts will be
of a manuscript should be limited to authors who have made significant
contributions and the names of authors should be ranked by efforts. The
corresponding author must ensure that all listed coauthors have seen and
approved the final version of the manuscript (as it appeared in the
proofreading copy) and agreed to its publication in the journal. Authors
can permit others to replicate their work.
Concurrent Publication— Authors
should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research
in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than
one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and
is unacceptable. This action leads to the rejection of the submitted
the Work of Others—Authors
should always properly and accurately acknowledge the work of others.
Authors should cite publications that have significant contribution to
their submitted manuscripts. Unacknowledged work of others contributing
to manuscripts is unethical behavior and is unacceptable. Such
manuscripts will be rejected.
discussions, data, statistical analysis, and results should be accurate.
Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate results constitute unethical behavior
and are unacceptable. Such manuscripts will be rejected.
Data Access and
may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with manuscripts for
editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to
such data if possible. However, such authors should be prepared to
retain data for a reasonable time after publication.
Hazards and Human
or Animal Subjects— If
a research study involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have
any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author(s) must clearly
identify these in the submitted manuscript. Authors should also inform
participating human subjects about the purpose of the study.
their manuscript(s), authors should disclose any financial or other
substantive conflict of interest that might influence the results or
interpretation of their manuscript.
of accepted manuscripts for publication in the journal agree that the
copyright will be transferred to journal and all authors should sign
copyright forms. However, those authors have the right to use of their
published manuscripts fairly, such as teaching and nonprofit purposes.
in published Manuscripts—When
authors discover substantial errors or inaccuracy in their own published
manuscripts, it is the authors’ responsibility to promptly inform the
journal editors or publisher, and cooperate with them to correct their
Indirect Contributors and Financial Supporters—Authors
should acknowledge individuals whose contributions are indirect or
marginal (e.g., colleagues or supervisors who have reviewed drafts of
the work or provided proofreading assistance, and heads of research
institutes, centers and labs should be named in an acknowledgement
section at the end of the manuscript, immediately preceding the List of
References). In addition, all sources of financial support for the
research project should be disclosed.
Neither the editors
nor the Editorial Board are responsible for authors’ expressed opinions,
views, and the contents of the published manuscripts in the journal. The
originality, proofreading of manuscripts and errors are the sole
responsibility of the individual authors.
All manuscripts submitted for review and publication in
the journal go under double-blind reviews for authenticity, ethical
issues, and useful contributions. Decisions of the reviewers are the
only tool for publication in the journal and will be final.